Begin by taking a floor plan of your house to help work out the best places to put your lights. Its better if it is already filled up with furniture location and other interior design elements.

  • Mark with arrows which way people are likely to be facing, example, TV, reading area and bed. These areas are often the places you will spend more time in house and required more lights.

  • Mark out where you will place large pieces of furniture, such as cabinet, display shelving and dresser. Try not to place lighting too close to them and try to use in-built lighting if possible, wiring points can be prepared for them in advance

  • Determine where the light switches should be. Work logically round the entry and exit points in your home.

Now you have some ideas of where to place the light fixtures and start thinking about the look you want to achieve. Consider how the fittings will distribute the light. This will depend in part on where you put them and whether you conceal discretely or make a feature of them.
    Living Room & Bedroom
  • The popular down-light which offers a clean, streamlined look in a home. 5-inch fixtures should generally be placed at least 5 feet apart and 6-inch fixtures about 6 feet apart. Mark these areas including the bedrooms and decide the numbers required. These type of lighting are recessed into the ceiling and generally will cast a gloomy effect if used alone, due to the un-light ceiling. Consider some ambient lighting.

  • Pendant lights is an option to consider especialty at the living and dinning areas. Design wise depends on the interior design theme but try to match the size of the pendant light with the interior space. If the interior is modest, placing a lovely table lamp near the sofa area will be a nice alternative and add interest to that area.

  • Task lighting for pictures and paintings where you can display your favourite art piece and highlight it with an adjustable spotlight on a ceiling. This gives texture, focus and shape to the art piece.
  • In the kitchen, ceiling light are much preferred and often comes with a glass cover thatís easy for cleaning. Try to allocate a few more lightings around the working areas and it should be brightly lighted to prevent any accident.

  • But having these ceiling lights is not enough unless you prefer to work under your own shadow. You will need a high level of task lighting at the sink and worktops; you can have concealed lighting under the cabinet to do that.

  • Pendant lights can be consider as well if you have a island sink or worktop. The general rule for the height of a pendant light is between 30" to 40" above the surface of the peninsula or island.
  • Small bathrooms especially in crowded cities where one cannot be expected to use lavish space for bathrooms can be either depressing or cosy. These small bathrooms can transform into secret haven and the key does not lie in decorating the bathroom right, because no matter how a small bath is decorated, its still a small room. With proper bathroom lighting, it can be utilized to visually enlarge a small space. Spot lighting on some areas nicely tiled area like mosaic or glass tile will enhance the depth of the room visually.

  • Lighting up the vanity area like the mirrors, bathtub can create focus point which brings attention to it and less of the constrain space. Hotels for example often use it to project a much bigger space but if you observe the actual footprint, you wonít believe its so much smaller in reality.
    Corridor and Foyer Area
  • At corridor areas where one would not spend time in it, accent lighting is recommended with a mixture spotlight, uplighter and wall lights. This spread out the light along the path and a long clusters of lighting appear alluring with shadows and unusual patterns on the walls and ceilings. The same design applied for foyer areas.

  • Recent home automation allows installing of motion sensor along these areas so it will light-up itself when needed. Imagine having to switch on lighting just to walk across it and off when you reach the other end or just simply leave it on whole night.

Remember to draft out a lighting plan and bring it along with you when you go shopping for light fixtures and fittings.